According to the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF), the recovery process is best described as a sequence of interdependent and often concurrent activities that progressively advance a community toward its planned recovery outcomes. “Decisions made and priorities set by a community pre-disaster and early in the recovery process have a cascading effect on the nature, speed, and inclusiveness of recovery.” The Recovery Continuum figure depicts the interconnectedness of recovery activities from pre-incident through the long-term recovery.
This spending explorer page contains graphics showing over $139 billion in federal disaster funding provided by Congress in response to disasters since 2017. In addition, they include disaster funding from the FEMA Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) and the SBA Disaster Loans (DL) account, which was provided by regular appropriations or earlier supplementals to allow for rapid response to any presidential disaster declaration.
Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, and the 2017 CA Wildfires
Since September 2017, 20 federal agencies have received $118.3 billion in supplemental appropriations for Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, and the 2017 California Wildfires. Below is a time series visualization which shows the total funding for these disasters since March 31, 2018.
Hurricanes Michael and Florence, 2018 California Wildfires, and other 2018 and 2019 Disasters
Since October 2018, Congress has passed two supplemental disaster appropriations (Public Laws 115-254 and 116-20) which together with existing FEMA DRF and SBA DL funds, are available to help communities recover from Hurricanes Michael, Florence, the 2018 California Wildfires and other large 2018 and 2019 disasters. Below is a time series visualization which shows total disaster funding for these disasters.
Below are visualizations which show the total federal disaster funding for Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, Florence and Michael, and the 2017 and 2018 California Wildfires.