According to the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF), the recovery process is best described as a sequence of interdependent and often concurrent activities that progressively advance a community toward its planned recovery outcomes. “Decisions made and priorities set by a community pre-disaster and early in the recovery process have a cascading effect on the nature, speed, and inclusiveness of recovery.” The Recovery Continuum figure depicts the interconnectedness of recovery activities from pre-incident through the long-term recovery.

Note that the recovery process — including Appropriations, Obligations, and Outlays — are often measured in months and years.

PRE-DISASTER PREPAREDNESS Examples include: Pre-disaster recovery planning, Mitigation planning and implementation, Community capacity- and resilience-building, Conducting disaster preparedness exercises, Partnership building, Articulating protocols in disaster plans for services to meet the emotional and health care needs of adults and children

SHORT-TERM RECOVERY Examples include: Mass Care/Sheltering Provide integrated mass care and emergency services, Debris Clear primary transportation routes, Business Establish temporary or interim infrastructure to support business reopenings Reestablish cash flow, Emotional/Psychological Identify adults and children who benefit from counseling or behavioral health services and begin treatment, Public Health and Health Care Provide emergency and temporary medical care and establish appropriate surveillance protocols, Mitigation Activities Assess and understand risks and vulnerabilities 

INTERMEDIATE RECOVERY Examples include: Housing Provide accessible interim housing solutions, Debris/Infrastructure Initiate debris removal, Plan immediate infrastructure repair and restoration, Business Support reestablishment of businesses where appropriate, Support the establishment of business recovery one-stop centers, Emotional/Psychological Engage support networks for ongoing care, Public Health and Health Care Ensure continuity of care through temporary facilities, Mitigation Activities Inform community members of opportunities to build back stronger

LONG-TERM RECOVERY Examples include: Housing Develop permanent housing solutions, Infrastructure Rebuild infrastructure to meet future community needs, Business Implement economic revitalization strategies Facilitate funding to business rebuilding, Emotional/Psychological Follow-up for ongoing counseling, behavioral health, and case management services, Public Health and Health Care Reestablishment of disrupted health care facilities, Mitigation Activities Implement mitigation strategies
 

This spending explorer page contains graphics showing over $139 billion in federal disaster funding provided by Congress in response to disasters since 2017. In addition, they include disaster funding from the FEMA Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) and the SBA Disaster Loans (DL) account, which was provided by regular appropriations or earlier supplementals to allow for rapid response to any presidential disaster declaration.

Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, and the 2017 CA Wildfires

Since September 2017, 20 federal agencies have received $118.3 billion in supplemental appropriations for Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, and the 2017 California Wildfires. Below is a time series visualization which shows the total funding for these disasters since March 31, 2018.

Since September 2017, 20 federal agencies have received $118.3 billion in supplemental appropriations for Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, and the 2017 California Wildfires. Below is a time series visualization which shows the total funding for these disasters since March 31, 2018. 

 Data Source: Appropriation amounts from public laws 115-56, 115-72 and 115-123. Obligated and Outlayed amounts from OMB SF-133 Disaster and Emergency Funding Tracking as of May 31, 2019 and direct non-supplemental reports from FEMA and SBA.

Hurricanes Michael and Florence, 2018 California Wildfires, and other 2018 and 2019 Disasters

Since October 2018, Congress has passed two supplemental disaster appropriations (Public Laws 115-254 and 116-20) which together with existing FEMA DRF and SBA DL funds, are available to help communities recover from Hurricanes Michael, Florence, the 2018 California Wildfires and other large 2018 and 2019 disasters. Below is a time series visualization which shows total disaster funding for these disasters.

Since October 2018, Congress has passed two supplemental disaster appropriations (Public Laws 115-254 and 116-20) which together with existing FEMA DRF and SBA DL funds, are available to help communities recover from Hurricanes Michael, Florence, the 2018 California Wildfires and other large 2018 and 2019 disasters. Below is a time series visualization which shows Total Disaster Funding for these disasters.

Below are visualizations which show the total federal disaster funding for Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, Florence and Michael, and the 2017 and 2018 California Wildfires.

Data Caveats:

Note: The amounts listed above exclude amounts provided In Public Law 115-72 for USDA Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program ($1.27B), USDA Wildland Fire Management ($184M), USDA Flame Wildfire Suppression Reserve ($342M), and DOI Wildland Fire Management ($50M) as these Program Account/Funds are not included in OMB’s disaster-specific tracking.

The RSFLG strives to improve the effectiveness and unity of effort of coordinated Federal Recovery responsibilities, as well as to resolve operational, resource, and policy issues related to interagency recovery actions at the national level. This is accomplished through the engagement of interagency leadership in a forum designated for the exchange of relevant information, associated planning and exercises, and decision making.

For more information, please visit OpenFEMA's API terms and conditions.

Data Sources:

Appropriation amounts from Public Laws 115-56, 115-72, 115-123, and 116-20. Announced/Allocated, Obligated, and Outlayed amounts provided by Departments/Agencies and reflect data as of July 31, 2019. These amounts include FEMA and SBA non-supplemental funding. For accessibility, view the raw data. If you need help reading this page, please email us at RSFLG@fema.dhs.gov.