According to the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF), the recovery process is best described as a sequence of interdependent and often concurrent activities that progressively advance a community toward its planned recovery outcomes. “Decisions made and priorities set by a community pre-disaster and early in the recovery process have a cascading effect on the nature, speed, and inclusiveness of recovery.” The Recovery Continuum figure depicts the interconnectedness of recovery activities from pre-incident through the long-term recovery.

Note that the recovery process — including Appropriations, Obligations, and Outlays — are often measured in months and years.

PRE-DISASTER PREPAREDNESS Examples include: Pre-disaster recovery planning, Mitigation planning and implementation, Community capacity- and resilience-building, Conducting disaster preparedness exercises, Partnership building, Articulating protocols in disaster plans for services to meet the emotional and health care needs of adults and children

SHORT-TERM RECOVERY Examples include: Mass Care/Sheltering Provide integrated mass care and emergency services, Debris Clear primary transportation routes, Business Establish temporary or interim infrastructure to support business reopenings Reestablish cash flow, Emotional/Psychological Identify adults and children who benefit from counseling or behavioral health services and begin treatment, Public Health and Health Care Provide emergency and temporary medical care and establish appropriate surveillance protocols, Mitigation Activities Assess and understand risks and vulnerabilities 

INTERMEDIATE RECOVERY Examples include: Housing Provide accessible interim housing solutions, Debris/Infrastructure Initiate debris removal, Plan immediate infrastructure repair and restoration, Business Support reestablishment of businesses where appropriate, Support the establishment of business recovery one-stop centers, Emotional/Psychological Engage support networks for ongoing care, Public Health and Health Care Ensure continuity of care through temporary facilities, Mitigation Activities Inform community members of opportunities to build back stronger

LONG-TERM RECOVERY Examples include: Housing Develop permanent housing solutions, Infrastructure Rebuild infrastructure to meet future community needs, Business Implement economic revitalization strategies Facilitate funding to business rebuilding, Emotional/Psychological Follow-up for ongoing counseling, behavioral health, and case management services, Public Health and Health Care Reestablishment of disrupted health care facilities, Mitigation Activities Implement mitigation strategies

This Spending Explorer page contains graphics showing the over $118.3 billion in federal disaster funding provided by Congress in response to the disasters of 2017, 2018 and 2019. In addition, they include disaster funding from the FEMA Disaster Relief Fund and the SBA Disaster Loans account, which was provided by regular appropriations or earlier supplementals to allow for rapid response to any presidential disaster declaration.

Disaster Funding Progress: Harvey, Irma, Maria, and 2017 California Wildfires. Total Disaster Funding. Appropriated Funding, March 31, 2018: 118 Billion dollars - Appropriated Funding, April 30, 2019: 118.3 Billion dollars. Announced/Allocated Funding, March 31, 2018: 36 Billion dollars – Announced/Allocated Funding, December 31, 2018: 96 Billion dollars. Obligated Funding, March 31, 2018: 29 Billion dollars - Obligated Funding, December 31, 2018: 48 Billion dollars. Outlayed Funding, March 31, 2018: 14 Billion dollars - Outlayed Funding, December 31, 2018: 26 Billion dollars. Data Source: Appropriation amounts from public laws 115-56, 115-72 and 115-123. Obligated and Outlayed amounts from OMB SF-133 Disaster and Emergency Funding Tracking as of April 30, 2019 and direct non-supplemental reports from FEMA and SBA.

Data Caveats:

Note: The amounts listed above exclude USDA Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program ($1.27B), USDA Wildland Fire Management ($184M), USDA Flame Wildfire Suppression Reserve ($342M), and DOI Wildland Fire Management ($50M) as these Program Account/Funds are not included in OMB’s disaster-specific tracking.

The RSFLG strives to improve the effectiveness and unity of effort of coordinated Federal Recovery responsibilities, as well as to resolve operational, resource, and policy issues related to interagency recovery actions at the national level. This is accomplished through the engagement of interagency leadership in a forum designated for the exchange of relevant information, associated planning and exercises, and decision making.

For more information, please visit OpenFEMA's API terms and conditions.

Data Sources:

Appropriation amounts from Public Laws 115-56, 115-72, 115-123, and 115-254. Announced/Allocated, Obligated, and Outlayed amounts provided by Departments/Agencies and reflect data as of April 30, 2019. These amounts include FEMA non-supplemental funding of $3.4B and SBA non-supplemental funding of $6.3B. For accessibility, view the raw data. If you need help reading this page, please email us at