Note: The RSFLG does not track appropriations or spending for the COVID-19 pandemic, which is available at www.usaspending.gov/disaster/covid-19.
Spending data presented here incudes all federal supplemental appropriations for disasters declared in 2017-2019. However, data for non-COVID disasters declared in 2020 – 2022 is included only from FEMA, SBA and HUD.
According to the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF), the recovery process is best described as a sequence of interdependent and often concurrent activities that progressively advance a community toward its planned recovery outcomes. “Decisions made and priorities set by a community pre-disaster and early in the recovery process have a cascading effect on the nature, speed, and inclusiveness of recovery.” The Recovery Continuum figure depicts the interconnectedness of recovery activities from pre-incident through the long-term recovery.
This spending explorer page contains graphics showing over $139 billion in supplemental disaster funding provided by Congress in response to disasters since 2017. In addition, they include $20.5 billion in no-year disaster appropriations to the FEMA Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) and the SBA Disaster Loans (DL) account, which was provided by the annual Consolidated Appropriations Acts of 2018 (P.L. 115-141) and 2019 (P.L. 116-6) to allow for rapid response to any presidential disaster declaration.
Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, 2017 California Wildfires, and other 2017 Disasters
Since September 2017, Congress has passed three supplemental disaster appropriations (Public Laws 115-56, 115-72, and 115-123) which together with FEMA DRF and SBA DL funds, are available to help communities recover from Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, the 2017 California Wildfires, and other 2017 disasters. Below is a time series visualization which shows the total spending for these disasters since March 31, 2018.
Hurricanes Michael and Florence, 2018 California Wildfires, and other 2018 and 2019 Disasters
Since October 2018, Congress has passed two supplemental disaster appropriations (Public Laws 115-254 and 116-20) which together with FEMA DRF and SBA DL funds, are available to help communities recover from Hurricanes Michael, Florence, the 2018 California Wildfires and other large 2018 and 2019 disasters. Below is a time series visualization which shows total disaster funding for these disasters.
Below are visualizations which show the federal disaster funding since 2017, including Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, Florence and Michael, and the 2017 and 2018 California Wildfires.